Ultraconserved regions (UCRs) represent a relatively new class of non-coding genomic sequences highly conserved between human, rat and mouse genomes. These regions can reside within exons of protein-coding genes, despite the vast majority of them localizes within introns or intergenic regions. Several studies have undoubtedly demonstrated that most of these regions are actively transcribed in normal cells/tissues, where they contribute to regulate many cellular processes. Interestingly, these non-coding RNAs exhibit aberrant expression levels in human cancer cells and their expression profiles have been used as prognostic factors in human malignancies, as well as to unambiguously distinguish among distinct cancer types. In this review, we first describe their identification, then we provide some updated information about their genomic localization and classification. More importantly, we discuss about the available literature describing an overview of the mechanisms through which some transcribed UCRs (T-UCR) contribute to cancer progression or to the metastatic spread. To date, the interplay between T-UCRs and microRNAs is the most convincing evidence linking T-UCRs and tumorigenesis. The limitations of these studies and the future challenges to be addressed in order to understand the biological role of T-UCRs are also discussed herein. We envision that future efforts are needed to convincingly include this class of ncRNAs in the growing area of cancer therapeutics.
|Titolo:||The role of a new class of long noncoding RNAs transcribed from ultraconserved regions in cancer|
|Autori interni:||de NIGRIS, Filomena|
|Data di pubblicazione:||Being printed|
|Rivista:||BIOCHIMICA ET BIOPHYSICA ACTA-REVIEWS ON CANCER|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|