Introduction The relationship between motor impairment and cognitive deterioration has long been described in Parkinson's disease (PD). The aim of the study was to compare cognitive performance of de novo PD patients in relation to the motor impairment severity according to Hoehn and Yahr (HY) stages. Methods Forty de novo PD patients at HY stage I and 40 patients at HY stage II completed a standardized neuropsychological battery. A multivariate analysis of covariance was used to compare cognitive performance between HY groups. Odds ratios (ORs) were employed to explore the risk of cognitive impairment between HY stages. Finally, the prevalence of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) was estimated for patients in HY stage I and II. Results Patients at HY stage I obtained better scores on neuropsychological tests than patients at HY stage II (p = 0.001). Univariate analysis of covariance revealed significant differences between HY stages on Rey's auditory verbal learning test -immediate recall (p < 0.0001), 10 points Clock Drawing Test (p = 0.002), and Rey-Osterrieth Complex Figure Test -copy (p < 0.0001). ORs of having cognitive impairment were greater for HY stage II than stage I group. MCI occurred in 7.5% of patients in HY stage I, and in 42.5% of patients in HY stage II. Conclusion In de novo PD patients, the severity of motor impairment at the diagnosis is associated to cognitive deficits and higher risk of MCI.
|Titolo:||Cognitive impairment is associated with Hoehn and Yahr stages in early, de novo Parkinson disease patients|
|Autori interni:||TROJANO, Luigi|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2017|
|Rivista:||PARKINSONISM & RELATED DISORDERS|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|