Background: Protection against helminths consists of adaptive responses by TH2 cells and innate responses by group 2 innate lymphoid cells (ILC2s), with these latter being well characterized in mice but less so in human subjects. Objective: We sought to characterize human circulating ILC2s and compare their functional profile with that of autologous TH2 cells. Methods: Circulating ILC2s and TH2 cells were isolated by means of fluorescence-activated cell sorting and magnetic cell sorting and expanded in vitro. ILC2s were then stimulated with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate plus ionomycin, IL-25 plus IL-33 (IL-25/IL-33), or a mixture of Toll-like receptor ligands to evaluate their ability to produce cytokines, express CD154, and induce IgE production by autologous B cells. Cytokines and transcription factor gene methylation were assessed. Results: ILC2s expressed GATA-3, retinoic acid orphan receptor (RORC) 2, and RORα; were able to produce IL-5, IL-13, and IL-4; and, accordingly, were characterized by demethylation of . IL4, . IL13, . IL5, . GATA3, and . RORC2, whereas the . IFNG, . IFNG promoter, and . TBX21 regions of interest were methylated. ILC2s expressed . TLR1, . TLR4, and . TLR6, and TLR stimulation induced IL-5 and IL-13 production. Moreover, ILC2s expressed CD154 in response to phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate plus ionomycin, IL-25/IL-33, or a mixture of TLR ligands. Stimulated ILC2s also induced IgM, IgG, IgA, and IgE production by B cells. Finally, circulating ILC2s from atopic patients were not different in numbers and frequency but expressed higher IL-4 levels than those from nonatopic subjects. Conclusion: This study provides the first evidence that human ILC2s can express CD154 and stimulate the production of IgE by B lymphocytes through IL-25/IL-33 stimulation or TLR triggering.
|Titolo:||Human circulating group 2 innate lymphoid cells can express CD154 and promote IgE production|
|Autori interni:||DE PALMA, Raffaele|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2017|
|Rivista:||JOURNAL OF ALLERGY AND CLINICAL IMMUNOLOGY|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|