Aims: To compare iBGStar™ + DMApp (experimental meter + telemedicine system) (iBGStar) with a traditional glucose meter (Control) in type 1 diabetes adolescents/young adults. Methods: i-NewTrend was a multicenter, open-label, randomized trial involving subjects aged 14–24 years, on basal–bolus insulin, HbA1c ≥ 8.0%, and poorly compliant with SMBG (i.e., <30% of the recommended frequency). Primary end points were change in HbA1c and achievement of compliance with SMBG (≥30% of the recommended frequency) after 6 months. Quality of life was also evaluated. A post-trial observational phase was conducted, where both groups used the experimental device. Results: Of 182 randomized patients (51.1% male; age 17.7 ± 3.0 years; diabetes duration 8.8 ± 4.7 years; HbA1c levels 10.0% ± 1.4), 92 were allocated to iBGStar and 90 to Control; 6.5% in iBGStar and 8.9% in Control dropped-out. After 6 months, HbA1c changes (±SE) were −0.44% ± 0.13 in iBGStar and −0.32% ± 0.13 in Control (p = 0.51). In the post-trial phase, HbA1c changes from 6 months (±SE) were −0.07% ± 0.14 in iBGStar and −0.31% ± 0.14 in Control (p = 0.24). Compliance end point was reached by 53.6% in iBGStar and 55.0% in Control (p = 0.86). Mean daily SMBG measurements increased from 1.1 to 2.3 in both groups without worsening quality of life. Compliant subjects showed a greater reduction in HbA1c levels (−0.60% ± 0.23 in iBGStar; −0.41% ± 0.21 in Control; p = 0.31). Within iBGStar group, telemedicine users (38.0%) reduced HbA1c by −0.58 ± 0.18. Conclusions: iBGStar was not superior to the traditional meter. Irrespective of the strategy, increasing from 1 to 2 SMBG tests/day was associated with HbA1c reduction in both groups, without pharmacologic interventions. Identifying new technologies effective and acceptable to patients is an option to improve adherence to diabetes care. Trial registration: The trial was registered at ClinicalTrials.gov (registration number NCT02073188).
|Titolo:||Young patients with type 1 diabetes poorly controlled and poorly compliant with self-monitoring of blood glucose: can technology help? Results of the i-NewTrend randomized clinical trial|
|Autori interni:||IAFUSCO, Dario|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2017|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|