Pheno-/endotyping chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is really important because it provides patients with precise and personalized medicine. The central concept of precision medicine is to take individual variability into account when making management decisions. Precision medicine should ensure that patients get the right treatment at the right dose at the right time, with minimum harmful consequences and maximum efficacy. Ideally, we should search for genetic and molecular biomarker-based profiles. Given the clinical complexity of COPD, it seems likely that a panel of several biomarkers will be required to characterize pathogenetic factors and their course over time. The need for biomarkers to guide the clinical care of individuals with COPD and to enhance the possibilities of success in drug development is clear and urgent, but biomarker development is tremendously challenging and expensive, and translation of research efforts to date has been largely ineffective. Furthermore, the development of personalized treatments will require a much more detailed understanding of the clinical and biological heterogeneity of COPD. Therefore, we are still far from being able to apply precision medicine in COPD and the treatable traits and FEV1-free approaches are attempts to precision medicine in COPD that must be considered still quite unsophisticated.
|Titolo:||The Challenges of Precision Medicine in COPD|
|Autori interni:||MATERA, Maria Gabriella|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2017|
|Rivista:||MOLECULAR DIAGNOSIS & THERAPY|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|