Objective: This cross-sectional study assessed the ability of standard EEG in distinguishing vegetative state (VS) from minimally conscious state plus (MCS+) or MCS minus (MCS-), and to correlate EEG features with aetiology and level of responsiveness assessed by Coma Recovery Scale-Revised (CRS-R). Methods: We analyzed background EEG activity and EEG reactivity to eye opening and closing and to tactile, acoustic, nociceptive stimuli and Intermittent Photic Stimulation (IPS) in 73 inpatients (VS = 37, MCS- = 11, MCS+ = 25), with traumatic (n = 21), vascular (n = 25) or anoxic (n = 27) aetiology. Results: All patients, but one, showed abnormal background activity. EEG abnormalities were more severe in VS than in MCS+ or MCS-, and in anoxic than other aetiologies. MCS+ patients with normal or Mildly Abnormal background activity showed higher scores on CRS-R than patients with moderate to severe EEG abnormalities. Reactivity to IPS, and acoustic stimuli was significantly more frequent in MCS+ and MCS- than in VS patients. Conclusions: EEG features differ between VS and MCS- or MCS+ patients and can provide evidence of relative sparing of thalamocortical connections in MCS+ patients. In anoxic patients EEG organization is more severely impaired and provides less discriminative diagnostic information. Significance: Conventional EEG can help clinicians to disentangle VS from MCS patients.
|Titolo:||Standard EEG in diagnostic process of prolonged disorders of consciousness|
|Autori interni:||TROJANO, Luigi|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2016|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|