Two cases of positive identification of burnt bodies by radiographic comparison are reported. They emphasize that antemortem radiographs of the head are an important but sometimes overlooked source of information which can frequently provide useful objective data for comparison purposes. A positive identification can easily be achieved by medical examiners through visual comparison of the antemortem with the postmortem cranial and facial structures, even of bodies severely damaged by fire. In these bodies the radiographs of the skull can graphically depict structures which are often unique to the individual, such as the frontal sinus pattern and the morphology of dental restorations. However, the process of identification through radiographs is appropriate only in burnt bodies in which antemortem radiographs of the alleged deceased are available for comparison and unique craniofacial structures are still present on the body in a well preserved state or at least not completely destroyed by fire, depending on the extent of the burn injury. Matching of corresponding features seems preferable to other methods of personal identification such as skull-photo superimposition, morphometric analysis, and/or other computer-aided methods since these techniques need trained personnel, as well as expensive equipment which is not invariably available in the medical examiner’s office or department of anthropology.
|Titolo:||Craniofacial identification on the basis of antemortem and postmortem radiographs: two case reports|
|Autori interni:||CAMPOBASSO, Carlo Pietro|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2007|
|Rivista:||THE AMERICAN JOURNAL OF FORENSIC MEDICINE AND PATHOLOGY|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|