Purpose: This is a retrospective analysis including all of the patients that have undergone anterior resection for rectal cancer from January 1998 to December 2005 in two tertiary referral centers. The study aims to evaluate the long term functional results after low anterior resection and to identify the risk factors of postoperative bowel disorders. Method: Data were collected from the clinical records, and then the low anterior resection syndrome score which is a specific questionnaire to investigate the symptoms after surgery was submitted to the selected patients. Exclusion criteria were intra-abdominal rectal cancer, partial mesorectal excision, permanent stoma, recurrent local disease, and patients who declined the questionnaire. Results: A total of 93 patients were included in the analysis with a median age at the diagnosis of 66 years. The median follow-up was 13.7 years, and low anterior resection syndrome was reported in 44 patients (47.5 %), with major manifestations in 19 patients (20.5 %), and minor symptoms in 25 patients (27 %). Age more than 70 years, tumor distance from the external anal verge, neoadjuvant treatment, and interval time of closing stoma are independent prognostic factors of functional disorders after surgery. Conclusions: Because of its great impact on the quality of life of these patients, it is necessary to early identify the syndrome trying to reduce its manifestations. Moreover, the symptoms seem to remain stable 1 year after surgery; hence, it is important to have an exhaustive, preoperative counseling and an integrated post-operative functional and rehabilitational follow-up in association with the oncologic pathway.
|Titolo:||Long-term functional follow-up after anterior rectal resection for cancer|
|Autori interni:||LIMONGELLI, Paolo|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2016|
|Rivista:||INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF COLORECTAL DISEASE|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|