Bisphenol A is an environment-polluting industrial chemical able to interfere with the endocrine system. An obesogenic effect in perinatally exposed rodents has been described as estrogenic activity. We exposed male mice to Bisphenol A during fetal-perinatal period (from 10 days post coitum to 31 days post partum) and investigated the effects of this early-life exposure at 78 days of age. Body weight, food intake, fat mass, and hypothalamic signals related to anorexigenic control of food intake were analyzed. Results show that Bisphenol A exposure reduced body weight and food intake. In addition, the exposure decreased epididymal fat mass and adiposity, acting negatively on adipocyte volume. At hypothalamic level, Bisphenol A exposure reduced the expression of the cannabinoid receptor CB1 and induced gene expression of cocaine and amphetamine-regulated transcript-1 (Cart1). This observation suggests that Bisphenol A induces activation of anorexigenic signals via down-regulation of the hypothalamic CB1 receptors with negative impact on food intake.
|Titolo:||Bisphenol A induces hypothalamic down-regulation of CB1 and anorexigenic effects in male mice.|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2016|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|