The renal phenotype in Bardet-Biedl syndrome (BBS) is highly variable. The present study describes renal findings in 41 BBS patients and analyzes the pathogenesis of hyposthenuria, the most common renal dysfunction. 5/41 patients (12%) showed an estimated glomerular filtration rate <60ml/min/1.73m2. Urine protein and urine albumin-to-creatinine ratio were over 200 and 30 mg/g in 9/24 and 7/23 patients respectively. 4/41 patients showed no renal anomalies on ultrasound. 20/34 patients had hyposthenuria in the absence of renal insufficiency. In all 8 of the hyposthenuric patients studied, dDAVP failed to elevate urine osmolality (Uosm), suggesting a nephrogenic origin. Interestingly, water loading (WL) did not result in a significant reduction of Uosm, indicating combined concentrating and diluting defects. DDAVP infusion induced a significant increase of plasma Factor VIII and von Willebrand Factor levels, supporting normal function of the type 2 vasopressin receptor at least in endothelial cells. While urinary aquaporin 2 (u-AQP2) abundance was not different between patients and controls at baseline, the dDAVP-induced increased u-AQP2 and the WL-induced reduction of u-AQP2 were blunted in patients with a combined concentrating and diluting defect, suggesting a potential role of AQP2 in the defective regulation of water absorption. Urine Uromodulin excretion was reduced in all hyposthenuric patients suggesting a thick ascending limb defect. Interestingly, renal Na, Cl, Ca but not K handling was impaired after acute WL but not at basal. In summary, BBS patients show combined urinary concentration and dilution defects; a thick ascending limb and collecting duct tubulopathy may underlie impaired water handling.
|Titolo:||Renal phenotype in Bardet-Biedl Syndrome: a combined defect of urinary concentration and dilution is associated with defective urinary AQP2 and UMOD excretion|
|Autori interni:||ZACCHIA, Miriam|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2016|
|Rivista:||AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY. RENAL PHYSIOLOGY|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|