The antimycobacterial riminophenazine clofazimine has previously been shown to up-regulate cellular phospholipase A2 and to induce apoptosis. In erythrocytes phospholipase A2 stimulates eryptosis, the suicidal erythrocyte death characterized by cell shrinkage and cell membrane scrambling with phosphatidylserine translocation to the erythrocyte surface. Phospholipase A2 is in part effective by fostering formation of prostaglandin E2, which triggers Ca2+ entry. Stimulators of Ca2+ entry and eryptosis further include oxidative stress and energy depletion. The present study tested, whether and how clofazimine induces eryptosis.
|Titolo:||Clofazimine induced suicidal death of human erythrocytes|
|Autori interni:||MANNA, Caterina|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2015|
|Rivista:||CELLULAR PHYSIOLOGY AND BIOCHEMISTRY|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|