Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a Gram-negative, aerobic bacillus causing infections of the respiratory and other organ systems in susceptible hosts. Although it does not cause pulmonary infections in immunocompetent individuals, P. aeruginosa causes chronic lung infection in individuals with cystic fibrosis and nosocomial pneumonia resulting in significant morbidity and mortality. Exogenous administration of an important P. aeruginosa virulence factor, lipase, present in P. aeruginosa culture supernatant, induces potent mononuclear cell activation leading to the production of numerous proinflammatory cytokines. In particular, P. aeruginosa culture supernatant stimulated increased proliferation of THP-1 cells and monocytes (MN). The addition of culture supernatant to THP-1 cells and MN also induced Interleukin (IL)-23 and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) release in a time-dependent manner. To investigate whether any compounds present in the supernatant lipase contributed to releasing IL-23 and VEGF, the culture supernatant from P. aeruginosa containing lipase was treated with hexadecylsulfonylfluoride (AMSF). The AMSF-treated culture supernatant (CS) did not show any induction on the IL-23 and VEGF release compared to the cells treated with CS without AMSF. We also showed that Toll-like receptors (TLR)2/TLR4 are expressed in THP-1 cells and MN treated with P. aeruginosa CS in a time-dependent fashion. Flow cytometry analysis revealed a higher TLR4 and a lower TLR2 expression at 48 and 72 h of treatment. The treatment of cells with TLR4 neutralizing antibody, and to a lesser extent with TLR2 neutralizing antibody, resulted in a decrease in P. aeruginosa CS-induced IL-23 and VEGF production.
|Titolo:||Expression of IL-23, VEGF and TLR2/TLR4 on mononuclear cells after exposure to Pseudomonas aeruginosa|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2011|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|