The objective of this study was to report on the use of vesicoscopy in the treatment of symptomatic congenital bladder diverticula (CBD) in children. Material and Methods In this study, 16 males, aged 4 to 12 years (median age, 6.25 years), were treated for symptomatic CBD; 3 patients presented double diverticulum and 13 presented single diverticulum. The presenting symptoms were recurrent urinary tract infection, hematuria, lower abdominal pain, and voiding dysfunctions as urgency, frequency alone, or in association. A first midline 5-mm trocar was introduced for a 0-degree telescope at the dome of the bladder, and two left and right 3- or 5-mm trocars were inserted through the anterolateral wall. The bladder was then insufflated with carbon dioxide to 10 to 12 mm Hg pressure. The diverticula were inverted into the bladder and the mucosa around the neck was circumcised by using scissors and hook. The defect was sutured and the bladder was drained. Vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) of third grade or higher was treated endoscopically. Results Mean operative time was 90 minutes for procedures. At 6-month follow-up, ultrasound and voiding cystourethrogram (VCUG) showed the disappearance of the diverticulum in 15 out of the 16 patients. The patient, with huge double diverticulum and fourth grade right VUR, presented recurrence of a small left diverticulum. Patients with voiding disorders presented a gradual improvement of their urgency. VUR disappeared at VCUG in all patients. Conclusion Vesicoscopic diverticulectomy resulted a safe and effective procedure and can be considered a valid alternative to the open or laparoscopic procedures. In our opinion, routine use of vesicoscopy could become the gold standard for the treatment of CBD in children.
|Titolo:||Vesicoscopic Treatment of Symptomatic Congenital Bladder Diverticula in Children: A 7-Year Experience.|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2015|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|