This article reports on the construction details of an isothermal cell, referenced to the triple point of water (TPW), together with characterization of its temperature uniformity and stability. The traceability of the temperature measurements is also defined and reported. The cell has an inner chamber of 15 mm diameter, and it is 150 mm long. Its temperature is actively controlled and maintained stable within 0.1 mK, for an unlimited time. The temperature gradient is limited to less than one millikelvin over the length of the cell which is kept in a horizontal position. This accurate temperature control is achieved by means of a series of three vacuum chambers, one inside the other. A special heater, reflectors, standard platinum resistance thermometers, several feedthroughs, an auxiliary thermostat, specific electronics, and dedicated software are used for the active control. The device represents a mixture of cryogenic and contact thermometry techniques, and it has been designed, assembled, and characterized at the Istituto Nazionale di Ricerca Metrologica. This temperature-stabilized cell is a part of a more complex experimental setup, based on near-infrared precision laser spectroscopy, devoted to the experimental determination of the Boltzmann constant.
|Titolo:||Design and Capabilities of the Temperature Control System for the Italian Experiment Based on Precision Laser Spectroscopy for a New Determination of the Boltzmann Constant|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2010|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|