Hydrogen sulfide, H(2)S, is the third endogenous gas with cardiovascular properties, after nitric oxide and carbon monoxide. H(2)S is a potent vasorelaxant, and its deficiency is implicated in the pathogenesis of hypertension and atherosclerosis. Cystathionine beta-synthase, cystathionine gamma-lyase, and 3-mercaptopyruvate sulfurtransferase catalyze H(2)S formation. Chronic kidney disease is characterized by high prevalence of hyperhomocysteinemia, hypertension, and high cardiovascular mortality, especially in hemodialysis patients. H(2)S levels are decreased in hemodialysis patients through transcriptional deregulation of genes encoding for the H(2)S-producing enzymes. Potential implications relate to the pathogenesis of the manifestations of the uremic syndrome, such as hypertension and atherosclerosis.
|Titolo:||Hydrogen sulfide, the third gaseous signaling molecule with cardiovascular properties, is decreased in hemodialysis patients|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2010|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|