In the present study we investigated the possibility of a dissociation between the visual control of reaching and the visual control of grasping in a prehension task. To this purpose we studied the kinematics of prehension movements in a patient with a right parietal lesion and in six right-handed healthy control subjects. The task we used was one in which the subjects had to reach and grasp target objects in the presence or absence of a simultaneously presented distractor object. All stimuli were presented in the space ipsilateral to the lesion. The distractor could be either of the same or different size to the target object and was presented either to the right or to the left of the target. The following parameters of the prehension 'transport' component were analysed: wrist trajectory, transport time, tangential peak velocity, acceleration. Maximal finger aperture, time to maximal finger aperture, peak acceleration and time to peak acceleration of grip aperture were the parameters of the 'grasping' component analysed.The results showed that, although the patient had no misreaching, her hand trajectory deviated abnormally towards the distractor position when the distractor was to the right (ipsilateral) side of the target. In contrast, the grasp kinematics was not affected by the distractors, even when the size of the right distractor was different from the target. It appears, therefore, that the attentional shift towards the ipsilesional side, typical of neglect patients, determines a surprising dissociation in motor control. In the presence of a right distractor, the patient plans and partially executes a reaching movement towards that object and simultaneously performs a grasping movement towards a second object, i.e. the centrally located target. The presentation of distractors had no effects on the prehension kinematics of the control subjects.
|Titolo:||Study of selective reaching and grasping in a patient with unilateral parietal lesion. Dissociated effects of residual spatial neglect|
|Autori interni:||CHIEFFI, Sergio|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1993|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|